icon points to HSC on Google Plus icon points to HSC on Twitter icon points to HSC on Facebook icon points to HSC on LinkedIn
image points to stable

Horse Breeds - formation to current day, plus standards, strengths & weakness of each.

Conformation points of horses.
Breeds of horses on Horse Show Central are divided into easy access sections.
BREEDS A Through L, are listed on this page, below.
Three other breed pages are as follows:

Click on each breed-name to read about origins, history, the strengths of each and the weaknesses that have been found by horsemen, plus the modern day use of each. You will find photos at the top of each individual page, and often more photos lower on each page. More images are added as they are donated and submitted.

Horse breeds have a history as long or longer than the history of man on this planet. There are ancient, extinct, rare and endangered, current day, popular, as well as new and developing breeds. Some of course are called a breed yet scientifically are not.

We are constantly adding and updating.... Enjoy!


Akhal TekeAkhal Teke
The ancestors of the ancient and elegant Akhal Teke were also fundamental in the creation of the Thoroughbred and many other light breeds across the world. The current Akhal Teke emerged around the 8th century!
Alter RealAlter Real
The Alter Real became famous in high level dressage as early at 1760 in the Royal Riding School of Portugal. TThe Alter Real is a branch of the Lusitano, with the added influence of Spanish mares.
American Bashkir CurlyAmerican Bashkir Curly
The American Bashkir Curly is native to America, derrived from older Bashkir type horses found in the American Northwest. There is a lot aboui the American Curly that is not true of any other Curly type.
American Paint HorseAmerican Paint Horse
The American Paint is not simply a color breed, as they also carry the conformation and bloodlines of the Quarter Horse, offering the same abilities but with lots of color added.
American SaddlebredAmerican Saddlebred
The American Saddlebred, reated in the United States after 250 years of selective breeding, is today’s 5 gaited, ultimate show ring star and also a champion in many other disciplines.
Known today as PRE (pure Spanish), the Andalusian traces to the Iberian wild steeds from prehistoric times and has provided foundation bloodlines for many breeds, including almost all in America.
The Anglo-Arab is a combination of Arabian and Thoroughbred and has been a preferred all around favorite for over 150 years in Britain, France especially, and Europe in general.
Every Appaloosa is totally unique in color! The Appy is known world wide and was created by the Nez Perce Indians, who are now in the process of creating yet another breed!
The Arabian with his characteristic high forehead and delicate dry profile, proudly carried tail, intelligence and gentleness is of ancient heritage and has provided foundation blood to many, many other breeds.
Argentine CriolloArgentine Criollo
The Argentine Criollo is renown for endurance over great distances and varying terrain, is easy to handle, agile and quite speedy too for competition sports.
Australian Stock HorseAustralian Stock Horse
The Australian Stock Horse , once called the Waler, is the working horse of its country. Once world famous as cavalry mounts, cow work and carriage transport, a perservation societiy was formed in 1971.
Azteca is the first breed developed in Mexico, and is both lively and docile, famous for their paces and action, and as suitable for ranch work as they are for dressage.
The Barb originated in northwestern Africa, and is similar to the Iberian in build, with a convex profile and a good degree of collection in way of going. A Barb stallion was one of the foundation sires of the Thoroughbred.
The Bashkir, from the Russian steppes, is noted for endurance and a great tolerance for work in all weather. Bred pure, they are also used to improve other Russian breeds. Koumiss, a health product is made from a Bashkir mare’s milk.
The Boer or Boerperd was developed in South Africa, but was also influenced by American Quarter blood, along with Saddlebred and Standardbred. A stud book was finally formed in 1942.
The Brumby is the wild horse of Australia, with those who wish to preserve them and those who do not. There is no doubt Brumbies would be excellent in endurance competitions! Their plight is similar to that of America’s Mustangs.
Bucksin is a color, not a breed, although there is a Buckskin registry.
The color is admired by many and sought after. Knowing the genetics of color is the key!
Budenny, also spelled Bodenny, Budyonny, Budennii, or Budennoysky, is a Russian and was begun in 1920 and complete by 1948. They are used for riding, racing, international sports, and to improve other breeds in their home country.
Canadian HorseCanadian Horse
The Canadian Horse helped develop its home country, and then went further to achieve popularity in other countries. They are always registered with a three part name. They excel internationally in driving and dressage.
The Caspian resembles the primeval equine and is most probably an ancestor of the Arabian showing all the Arab features except it is smaller in size.
The Chilean is the oldest South American registiry, dating to 1893, but today is used more and more to compete in Rodeo sports. This “Caballo Chileno”, shares a strong genetic and cultural background with the Criollo registries of other South American countries.
Cleveland BayCleveland Bay
The British Cleveland Bay was unsupassed in coaching until the reign of George II. The stud book closed in 1936 and they survive thanks to Queen Elizabeth II. They proved top notch in international driving competion and we hope they may thrive.
The Criollo, reknown for hardiness and endurance, remains the choice of the South American cowboys who need such a mount, with reining abilities and cow-sense.
Danish WarmbloodDanish Warmblood
The Danish Warmblood has risin to the top in international sporthorse competition, and are now viewed as Denmark’s national breed.
The Don of Russian is most often a chestnut color with a golden sheen probably inhertited from the Karabakh, also of Russia. The Don of today is often raced in long distance events, as well as used in other compeitions.
Drum HorseDrum Horse
The Drum Horse is being recognized as a breed in American, and is also used as a heavy riding horse. Competitions include traditional kettle drums and regimental skills.
Dutch WarmbloodDutch Warmblood
The Dutch Warmblood is native to the Netherlands, but includes Thoroughbred blood. This sporthorse is valued by riders everywhere and performs in all disciplines internationally.
The Finnhorse, sometimes called the Finnish Universal, of Finland has existed for 100 years as a lovely all around riding animal, and even a trotter, but its studbook dates form only 1907.
Florida CrackerFlorida Cracker
The Florida Cracker derives from Spamish Iberian ancestory after the Spanish ‘discovered’ Florida. An official associationa and registry was finally formed in 1989. The name comes from Florida ranchers use of cow whips, or crackers.
French TrotterFrench Trotter
The French Trotter has no equal, and interestingly a good percent of races are under saddle. Apart from harness racking the French Trotter was important int the development of the Selle Francais and is a noted sire of jumpers too.
The Friesian, have been saved twice from extinction, belongs to history as well as the future, displaying romance, beauty and elegant usefulness.
Gypsy CobGypsy Cob
The versatility of the Gypsy Cob is formidable, suitable for competition or the whole family. Another obvious characteristics
is hair --long, silky, feathered and beautiful.
Hackney HorseHackney Horse
The Hackney comes from crossing an early Thoroughbred stallion with the British Norfolk Trotters. No other can claim the success the Hackney owns in harness. Further when out-crossed the Hackney is dominant.
The Hafligner originally comes from the mountain regions of the Sarn Valley in Italy and Austria, although they are in many counties today. The color is alway sorrel with a flaxen mane and tail.
The Hanoverian , thanks to King George II when he resided in Germany prior to becomming England’s king, is an elegant and highly successful warmblood that has given the world many famous show jumpers and dressage champions internationally. Development dates from the 1700’s.
The Holsteiner stud book in Germany, is one of the smallest in Europe, but has produced an extremely high percent of international and Olympic champions.
The Hucul or Carpathian developed along a mountain range covering quite a distance, with varied country borders, but dates from the 13th Century. Having basically developed in the wild, they are sure footed and can trot at speed anywhere, includeing mountain trails.
Hunter Jumper HorsesHunter Jumper Horses
The history of a Hunter or Jumper spans many, many generations. Aalhtough jumping did not become a part of hunting until the late 1700’s, hunting and juming is second in populairty only to racing, all over the world.
Some historians claimed that the domestication of the equine first took place in the Ukraine. However, there is the evidence of cave paintings in Iberia, showing the Iberian steed existed as early as 25,000 B.C.
The Icelandic has never been allowed out-crossing, so remains very pure and has been used for all kinds of work and in sport. The small Icelandic can carry grown men at speed over long distances and difficult terrain.
Irish CobIrish Cob
The Irish Cob was created by the Travellers (gypsies) and have long been prized by their intelligent, willing temperament, their athletic ability and their capabilities of endurance are the stuff of legend.
Irish DraughtIrish Draught
The Irish Draught was developed after imported draft animals were not what the Irish farmer wanted, because hunting was equal to farmning. These days the animal is known as the Irish Sport Horse and is famous internationally.
The ancient Kathiawari dating from the 1500’s, with inward pointed ear tips and elegance in total form, is an ongoing favorite yet today in India.
Kiger MustangKiger Mustang
The Kiger Mustang herd is the most uniform wild herd in the West, having been isolated from other influences. They are a natural in working cattle and are succesful in many competitive events today.
The Kinsky, along with fame as a steeplechaser and hunter, is also famous for color, and is a cultural Czech gem.
The Kaldruber stud was founded a year before the one in Lipiza, for the Lipizzan! The Kladrub was a favorite of royalty and in demand throughout Europe, and are in demand again for the same reasons owning the status of “World Cultural Monument”.
The Knabstrupper dates from the late 1700’s, and always carried color patterns like the Appaloosa. Known today as a Baroque and used for dressage, the blanket or leopard markings remain typical.
The Lipizzan dates from 1580 (over 400 years ago), and is of course as famous all across the world as is the Spanish Riding School in Vienna. The Lipizzan is successful too in all levels of competition dressage and driving.
The Lusitano or Puro Sangue Lusitano (PSL)which means pure blooded was prized for bull fighting ability, which is wonderfully identical with the ability for high school dressage. The Lusitano has a long history and is assuredly Iberian.