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Horse Stalls - Many Questions Answered

Pony face sticking out of a stall door.

Horse Stalls should generally follow the time proven, basic sizes for safely and health of the horse. The minimum requirement for a full sized horse is an area ten feet by ten feet, although a twelve by twelve is optimum (although twelve by ten is also used. A large pony or small horse needs a stall nine feet by nine feet. Smaller ponies need less room and a miniature horse can get along comfortably in a stall six feet by seven, or five by seven.


If you wish to make known to others, your own services for the plans or construction of horse stalls, you may join our database users and create your Horse Stalls listing, yourself, and you may edit and update the listing at your own convenience throughout the year.


Some horse stalls are referred to as straight, meaning it is not a box giving the horse freedom of movement inside the stall. Straight stalls take up much less room but are not as comfortable or restful for the horse and horses in straight stalls have much more difficulty lying down and must do so in a constrained position. Straight stalls need to be six by ten feet for a hunter size horse, down to four by eight for a pony. Some horses become restless and excited in box stalls if they have not enjoyed such a stall before, but will usually adapt.

Extra horse stalls are often used storage space or grooming areas, or larger areas if large areas have not been included in the over all stable or barn design.


The only material which will stand up under the wear and tear of horse stalls is 2 inch oak planking. Rough oak, directly from the sawmill is excellent; but other types of wood are dangerous since a horse can destroy them with kicking. If there are adjoining horse stalls, the stall wall, beginning at the floor, should extend upward for five feet. Above that heavy gauge woven wire, or bars can be used, which allows the horses to while protecting them.

The best flooring for horse stalls is clay, or sand. Wood absorbs odors and rots easily. Cement and asphalt are too hard and horses standing on such floors develop foot and soreness problems. Modern technology has produced the availability of mats for the flooring of horse stalls and many go that route. The advantage of clay is that while often damp, it does not stay wet on the surface very long and is fairly soft an d easy on the horse's feet.

On the inside of horse stalls, there is also a need for a manger or container for grain at feeding time, and a hay rack, or container for hay, as well as a water bucket or waterer. It all depends on your design and budget. Horse stalls with mangers, must allow construction of the manger, in wood or iron, that is high enough from the floor so the horse cannot get a foot into it, but not so high that the horse can t eat comfortably. Some horse stalls also include salt blocks if salt is not incorporated into the diet.

If horses stalls utilize swinging doors, they should open outward. Stall doors should be at least four feet wide. Those doors that open onto a central passage are often of the sliding type. A good door is of wood, some four and a half feet wide with vertical iron bars above, spaced close enough so there is no danger of the horse getting his head between them. As mentioned heavy galvanize mesh is sometimes used. Wooden bars above horse stalls that adjoin or on stall doors is not recommended because of a horse s penchant for chewing anything he can get his teeth into. Iron bars are better, although some owners prefer horse stalls build solid up to a few inches of the ceiling.

Horse stalls with doors that open to the outside are often double and made to swing out. Horses like to look out of the top door, and in doing so often put considerable weight on the lower door. A heavy bar, made to slide across the inside of the top of the lower door and an inch or two back from it, will save strained latches and hinges.

Horse stalls that provide light and ventilation are kinder to the horse, and many stalls as well as an open half door, or bars, also offer the horse a window to the outside. Windows should be placed high above the horse s line of sight. Horses are skittish and the sudden appearance of a moving object may startle them. All windows should be barred or wired with heavy-gauge wire.

If properly ventilating horse stalls is a problem, many builders install a ceiling fan s UL listed for outdoor use which is reversible, but the ceiling must be tall enough to do this. Also, if the horse ever rears in his stall, this fan must be high enough up so he won t contact it. Of course grilled stall partitions can also assist with ventilation

The floors of horse stalls, regardless whether clay or concrete and matting is used, should slope slightly to the point where the drainage butters are located. One inch in eighteen is adequate. With proper bedding, which soaks up most of the moisture, very little actually runs out, but a slight slope is advisable.


There are many builders of barns and many companies that offer only horse stalls and some pre-planned kits. These builders make many materials available from steel, galvanized, aluminum and portable horse stalls and systems to wood and custom wood for both modular horse stalls and post-built stalls , stalls designed for a post and rafter style of barn. The doors available to select for your horse stalls is also varied, from kits, to panels, to compete doors and even a pre-welded door, which includes the track and hardware along with a bar section to mount beside the door

Often stall and barn related accessories are offered too: stall mats, grills, waterers, and feeders for hay and grain that coordinate with your stall front. Door hardware for horse stalls can include sliding, swinging, dutch, hinged, even custom. What is most important in selecting horse stalls, pre-built or custom is quality, strength, durability, and attention to detail and safety features. Talk to several companies and ask about warranties too.

Listings on this site by companies who sell or construct horse barns can be located in the Shopping section of the site, and individual listings will display product information, often photos and pricing, and contact emails, phone numbers and links to individual Horse Stalls companies.

You may also wish to visit the site area about Horse Barns.

Other HSC site areas of interest to horsemen are Horse Industry Stables/Farms/Ranches, Stallions at Stud, Horse Associations - Clubs and Horses for Sale - each area offers an online search facility.

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